What is Adenoid?
The adenoid, or adenoid, is the name given to the grape-like tissue mass at the back of the nasal cavity. Like the lymph nodes, the adenoids are part of the immune system and are made of the same type of tissue.
It catches bacteria and viruses that enter the nose and produces antibodies that help the body fight germs. In order for the adenoids to cause problems, the Eustachian tubes that ventilate the ear must reach dimensions that will interrupt the air passage through the nose or close the mouth.
Adenoid, which is also a part of the body’s defense systems, may cause the child to be infected more frequently. Adenoid can become a source of bacteria for the body with the development of the bacterial layer. The enlarged adenoid causes obstruction of the nasal airway and makes nasal breathing impossible.
White blood cells circulate in the adenoids and other lymphoid tissues, reacting to foreign invaders in the body. Everyone has adenoids at birth and during childhood, but they begin to shrink as they progress towards puberty. In adulthood, most people’s adenoids have disappeared.
If your child has frequent adenoid enlargement or adenoid inflammation, adenoid surgery may be recommended. Children do not get sick more often after adenoid is removed because other tissues that perform the same task in the body can fill the gap.
What are the Causes of Nasal Throat?
Infection of the adenoid, usually caused by bacteria or viruses.
In children, the adenoids may become enlarged due to infection or unknown reasons. Very large adenoids can interfere with breathing or mucus flow.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Enlarged adenoids while sleeping can intermittently block airflow from the throat. This can cause a person to stop breathing for a few seconds and occur several times each night.
Ear Infections (Otitis)
In children, enlarged adenoids can cause a blockage in the Eustachian tubes that drain fluid from the ears to the throat. If these tubes cannot be emptied, recurrent ear infections may occur.
Nasal Meat Symptoms
Various symptoms may be encountered in cases of adenoid enlargement:
- Constant mouth breathing due to difficulty breathing through the nose
- Nasal speech
- Wheezing when breathing
- Snoring during sleep
- Holding your breath for a few seconds during sleep (Sleep apnea)
- Family witnessing the symptoms, taking a video while the child is asleep provides a significant benefit for the doctor to diagnose.
Discomforts Caused by Nasal Meat
- Hearing loss
- Snoring and respiratory arrest during sleep
- Urinary incontinence
- Middle ear inflammation
- Restless sleep
- Growth retardation
- Growth problems due to changes in growth hormone
- Deformities that may occur on the face
- Hyperactivity and behavioral disorders in children who cannot sleep well
- Failure in school life
- Chronic sinusitis and non-stop coughing attacks at night
- Liquid loss from the body due to mouth breathing and bad breath
- Tooth decay due to mouth breathing
Adenoid treatment in children is first started with the help of antibiotics. If the adenoid is not inflamed, your doctor may recommend waiting for a while because some change in the size of the adenoid is normal. In addition, over time, your child’s adenoid may shrink on its own.
In the presence of symptoms such as nasal congestion, sleeping with an open mouth, snoring, and otitis media in children that cannot be relieved by drug treatments, adenoid size should be investigated. If there is a narrowing in the airway as a result of the examination and evaluation, surgical operation can be decided.
Antibiotics kill bacteria and heal sinus or ear infections caused by bacteria.
In cases where the adenoids are large enough to cause other health problems, surgery is required to remove the adenoids.
In Which Situations Is Adenoid Surgery Decided?
Your doctor may recommend performing adenoid surgery if breathing difficulties, sleep apnea, frequently recurring adenoid inflammation, and speech disorder are present.
In addition, the treatment of infections that do not go away despite medical treatments and cause an obstructed airway for at least 3 months are surgical methods.
Adenoid surgery is a simple operation that takes about 20 minutes and does not require incision. There is no possibility of recurrence of adenoid removed using effective and proper surgery.
Does Growth Rate Increase After Adenoid Surgery?
It is not necessary to follow any diet for eating and drinking after the surgery. It is recommended to consume soft foods for only 3 days and it is very important to consume plenty of fluids. While cleaning the nose, it is preferred to use sea water or saline sprays.